Jump to content

22nd Air Landing Division

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
22nd Infantry Division
22nd Air Landing Division
22nd Volksgrenadier Division
22. Infanterie-Division
22. Luftlande-Division
22. Volksgrenadier-Division
Active15 October 1935 – 8 May 1945
Country Nazi Germany
Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller
Heinrich Kreipe

The 22nd Infantry Division, which soon became the 22nd Air Landing Division, was a specialized German infantry division in World War II. Its primary method of transportation was gliders. The division played a significant role in the development of modern day air assault operations.[1] Towards the end of the war, the formation was reshaped into the 22nd Volksgrenadier Division.


Created as 22nd Infantry Division in 1935, one regiment participated in the 1939 Invasion of Poland; the rest of the division stayed in garrison on the Siegfried Line in case of a French attack in defense of Poland. The division retrained as 22nd Air Landing Division for rapid tactical deployment to capture enemy airbases and performed in that role during the invasion of the Netherlands suffering heavy losses during the failed Battle for The Hague (operation “Fall Festung”), and afterward advanced into France operating as ordinary ground infantry. Though planned for use in its air-landing role for the Battle of Crete, it was replaced by another division at the last minute. It joined Army Group South in Operation Barbarossa (1941), attacking from Romania and, operating exclusively as ordinary ground infantry, helped storm Sevastopol in the Crimea (1942).

The unit was thereafter transferred to Crete for garrison duty in "Fortress Crete" and mop-up operations in the Aegean, playing a major role in the Battle of Leros under the command of Generalmajor Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller.

During September 1943, forces of the unit committed the atrocities of the Viannos massacres.

On 26 April 1944 the divisional commander, Generalmajor Heinrich Kreipe, was abducted by a British Special Operations Executive team led by Major Patrick Leigh Fermor and Capt Bill Stanley Moss. Kreipe's car was ambushed at night on the way from the divisional headquarters at Ano Archanes to the Villa Ariadne at Knossos and he was taken cross-country over the mountains to the south coast where he and his captors were picked up by a British vessel near Rodakino on 14 May. This operation was later portrayed in the book Ill Met by Moonlight (1950) written by Moss based on his wartime diaries, later adapted as a film of the same name. In late summer 1944, forces of the division were involved in more atrocities in Anogeia and Amari.

Withdrawn to the mainland in autumn 1944, the 22. Infanterie-Division spent the rest of the war in anti-partisan operations in Macedonia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in southeastern Europe, was renamed 22. Volksgrenadier-Division in March 1945, as it withdrew to Slavonia and finally surrendered to Yugoslav forces at the end of the war in May in Slovenia.


Orders of Battle[edit]

May 1940 – Fall Gelb[edit]

  • Divisionstab
  • Infanterie-Regiment 16
  • Infanterie-Regiment 47
  • Infanterie-Regiment 65
  • Artillerie-Regiment 22
  • Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 22
  • Aufklärungs-Abteilung 22
  • Feldersatz-Bataillon 22
  • Nachrichten-Bataillon 22
  • Pionier-Bataillon 22

July 1944 – Crete[edit]

  • Divisionstab
  • Grenadier-Regiment 16
  • Grenadier-Regiment 47
  • Grenadier-Regiment 65
  • Artillerie-Regiment 22
  • Panzerjäger-Abteilung 22
  • Aufklärungs-Abteilung 22
  • Feldersatz-Bataillon 22
  • Nachrichten-Bataillon 22
  • Pionier-Bataillon 22
  • Flak-Bataillon 22


  1. ^ "Warrior Training Center Air Assault School Handbook" (PDF). Southeast Missouri State University.

Works consulted[edit]

  • Burkhard Müller-Hillebrand (1969). Das Heer 1933-1945. Entwicklung des organisatorischen Aufbaues (in German). Vol. III: Der Zweifrontenkrieg. Das Heer vom Beginn des Feldzuges gegen die Sowjetunion bis zum Kriegsende. Frankfurt am Main: Mittler. p. 286.
  • Georg Tessin (1970). Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg, 1939 - 1945 (in German). Vol. IV: Die Landstreitkräfte 15 -30. Frankfurt am Main: Mittler.